Glossary

Dear Foodies,
I have compiled a Urdu Glossary for various kitchen ingredients which you all may find useful.

~English~ Botanical names or Common Names ~Roman Urdu~
Onion Pyaz
Vinegar Sirka
Pulses and Legumes+Beans: Dal:
Split Bengal Gram Chana Dal/Chane ki dal
Roasted Chickpeas/Roasted gram/Dalia Phula Chana
Black Chickpeas Kala Chana
White Chickpeas/Garbanzo beans Kabuli Chana
Split Black Gram Urad dal/Urad ki dal
Fava Beans Ful/Fool
Whole Green gram Sabut Moong
Split Skinned Green Gram Dhuli Moong ki dal
Yellow Lentils Toor dal/Tuvar ki dal
Whole Red lentils Sabut Masoor
Red Lentils Masoor dal/Masoor ki dal
Red Kidney Bans Rajma
Tapioca pearls Sabudana
Dairy products:
Milk Doodh
Buttermilk Chaanch
Cream Balai
Dried Milk Solids Khoa/Khoya/Mava
Yogurt/Curd Dahi
Cottage cheese Paneer
Non-Vegetarian:
Egg Anda
Meat Gosht
Lamb meat Bakre ka gosht
Beef/Veal meat Gai ka gosht
Chicken Murgh
Prawn/Shrimp Jhinga
Fish Machli
Oils: Tel:
Clarified Butter Ghee
Butter Makhan
Olive oil Zetoon ka tel
Fruits: Phal:
Apple Seb
Apricot Qubani
Banana Mauz
Chickoo Sapota
Custardapple Sitaphal
Dates Khajoor
Fig Anjeer
Grapes Angoor
Guava Jaam
Jambul, Inian Blackberry, Eugenia jambolana Jamun
Lemon Nimbu
Mango Aam
Muskmelon Kharbooza
Olive Zetoon
Orange Santra
Pear Nashpati
Papaya Papeeta
Palmyra fruit Munjal
Pomegranate Anaar
Pomegranate seeds Anaar dana
Pineapple Ananas
Plum Aloobukhara
Raisin Kishmish
Raw Mango Keyri
Sweet Lime Mosambi
Watermelon Tarbooz
Grains/Flours: Anaaj/Aata:
All-Purpose Flour Maida
Cornflour Makai ka aata
Gramflour Besan
Whole wheat flour Gehu ka aata
Broken wheat Daliya
Rice Chawal
Long grain Rice Basmati Chawal
Puffed rice Murmura
Cream of Rice Idli Rawa
Rice Flour Chawal ka aata
Semolina Sooji
Vermicelli Seviyan
Standard spices: Rozmarra ke Masale:
Red Chilli powder Lal mirch powder
Salt Namak
Turmeric Haldi
Ginger Adrak
Garlic Lahsun
Garam Masala spices: Garam Masale:
Cloves Laung
Cardamom Elaichi
Black pepper Kali Mirch
Cinnamon Dalchini
All-Spice/Cubeb Kababchini
Caraway seeds/Black Cumin Shah Zeera
Greens Leafy Vegetables, Herbs: Patta Bhaji, Hara Masala:
Cilantro/Coriander leaves Kothmir/Hara Dhaniya
Spinach leaves Palak
Amaranth Species Maat ki Bhaji
Rumex Vesicarius, Bladder Dock Chukka ki Bhaji
Hibiscus Cannabinus, Mesta, Kenaf Ambada ki Baji
Tamarind tree leaves Chugar
Small fresh Green Chillies Choti Hari Mirch
Spearmint Pudina
Fenugreek leaves Methi patta
Purslane Kulfa ki bhaji
Other spices: Masale:
Bay leaf Tej Patta
Betel leaf Pan/P ka patta
Black Salt Kala Namak
Carom seeds Ajwain
Coriander seeds Dhaniya
Coconut Milk Nariyal Doodh
Curry leaves Curry leaves
Cumin seeds Zeera
Dill weed Suva bhaji
Dry Mango powder Amchoor powder
Desiccated Coconut Ghisa Nariyal
Fenugreek seeds Methi
Fenugreek leaves Methi patta
Dried Fenugreek leaves Kasuri Methi-Sukhi Methi patta
Fennel seeds Sounf
Mustard seeds Rai
Nigella seeds Kalonji
Poppy seeds Khus Khus
Rose water Gulab jal
Saffron Zafraan
Sesame seeds Til
Silver foil Varq
Tamarind Imli
Nuts: Magziyaat:
Almonds Badaam
Betel nut Supari
Cashew nuts Kaaju
Chironji nut/Cudapah Almond Chironji
Coconut Kopra/Nariyal
Grountnut/Peanut Moom phalli
Pistachio Pista
Pine nut Chilgoza
Sweeteners:
Sugar Shakkar/Cheeni
Jaggery Gud
Honey Shahed
Vegetables: Tarkaaariyan:
Aloo Potato
Beetroot Chuqandar
Bitter gourd Karela
Brinjal/Eggplant Baingan
Bottle Gourd Kaddu
Cabbage Patta gobi/Bund gobi
Carrot Gajar
Cauliflower Phoolgobi
Capsicum Shimla mirch
Corn cobs, Maize Bhutaa
Corn kernels Makai
Cowpea Lobia
Cluster beans Gawar ki phalli
Cucumber Kheera
Daikon/White Radish Mooli
Drumsticks Sojni ki phalli
Green beans/French beans Binees ki phalli
Okra Bhendi
Peas Matar
Ridged Gourd Turai
Green Onions/Hari Pyaz Scallions
Spinach Palak
Sword beans Sem ki phalli
Taro root/Colocasia Arvi/Arbi
Tomato Tamatar

References: NIN, Hyderabad; AP Forest Department;

Luv,
Mona